Object Lessons® Digging Archaeology
National Science Education Standards Correlation: Grades K-4
Fundamental Concepts and Understandings
Digging Archaeology
Science as Inquiry
Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry Ask a question about objects, organisms, and events in the environment. Investigation 1, 2, 3, 4, 6,
Plan and conduct a simple investigation. Investigation 1, 2, 3, 4
Employ simple equipment and tools to gather data and extend the senses. Investigation 1, 2, 3, 4
Use data to construct reasonable explanation. Investigation 1, 2, 4, 5, 6
Communicate investigations and explanations. Investigation 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Physical Science
Properties of objects and materials Objects have observable properties that can be measured using tools. Investigation 2, 4
Position and motion of objects The position of an object can be described by locating it relative to another object or the background. Investigation 1, 3, 4
Life Science
The characteristics of organisms Plants require air, water, nutrients, and light; organisms can survive only in environments in which their needs can be met. Investigation 4
Organisms in their environments All organisms cause changes in the environment where they live. Some of these changes are detrimental to the organism or other organisms, whereas others are beneficial. Investigation 2, 4
Humans depend on their natural and constructed environments. Investigation 2, 5
Earth and Space Science
Properties of Earth materials Soils have properties of color and texture, capacity to retain water, and ability to support the growth of many kinds of plants, including those in our food supply. Investigation 3
Unifying Concepts and Processes
Systems, order, and organization A system is an organized group of related objects or components that form a whole. Investigation 1, 4, 5, 6
Evidence, models, and explanation Evidence consists of observations and data on which to base scientific explanations. Investigation 1, 2, 5, 6
Models are tentative schemes or structures that correspond to real objects, events, or classes of events, that have explanatory power. Investigation 2, 3, 4, 6, 7
Scientific explanations incorporate existing scientific knowledge and new evidence from observations, experiments, or models into internally consistent, logical statements. Investigation 2, 4, 5, 6
Form and function Form and function are complementary aspects of objects, organisms, and systems in the natural and designed world. Investigation 5, 6

 

Object Lessons® Digging Archaeology
National Science Education Standards Correlation: Grades 5-8
Fundamental Concepts and Understandings
 
Digging Archaeology
Science as Inquiry
Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigation. Investigation 1, 2, 5
Design and conduct a scientific investigation. Investigation 1, 4
Use appropriate tools and techniques to gather, analyze, and interpret data. Investigation 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Develop descriptions, explanations, predictions, and models using evidence. Investigation 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
Think critically and logically to make the relationships between evidence and explanations. Investigation 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Recognize and analyze alternative explanations and predictions. Investigation 2, 4, 6
Communicate scientific procedures and explanations. Investigation 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Use mathematics in all aspects of scientific inquiry. Investigation 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7
Life Science
Regulation and behavior All organisms must be able to obtain and use resources, grow, reproduce, and maintain stable internal conditions while living in a constantly changing external environment. Investigation 4
Populations and ecosystems Decomposers, primarily bacteria and fungi, are consumers that use waste materials and dead organisms for food. Investigation 2
Earth and Space Science
Structure of the earth system Constructive forces include crystal deformation, volcanic eruption, and deposition of sediment, while destructive forces include weathering and erosion. Investigation 2
Soils are often found in layers with each having a different chemical composition and texture. Investigation 3
Unifying Concepts and Processes
Systems, order, and organization A system is an organized group of related objects or components that form a whole. Investigation 1, 4, 5, 6
Evidence, models, and explanation Evidence consists of observations and data on which to base scientific explanations. Investigation 1, 2, 4, 5, 6
Models are tentative schemes or structures that correspond to real objects, events, or classes of events, that have explanatory power. Investigation 2, 3, 4, 6, 7
Scientific explanations incorporate existing scientific knowledge and new evidence from observations, experiments, or models into internally consistent, logical statements. Investigation 2, 4, 5, 6
Form and function Form and function are complementary aspects of objects, organisms, and systems in the natural and designed world. Investigation 5, 6